Bottle gourd is one of the most important vegetable crops in India. It is one of the oldest domesticated vegetable species that can be used as food items, medicine & a lot more things. The vegetable stem is used as a vegetable & the hard shell of the vegetable can be used in making water jugs, utensils & fishing nets.
Bottle gourd can be grown on a wide range of soils but it is preferred to use well-drained sandy loam soil rich in organic for good growth. The pH value of the soil should between 6 – 8 for the efficient growth of the plant.
The suitable timing for the sowing in is July & January. The bottle gourd plant requires a temperature of 18° C - 27° C during the early growth. The plant of the bottle gourd prefers a wide variety of rainfall conditions.